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During the Second World War the British government built several Fortress islands in the North Sea to defend its coasts from German invaders. These forts were built illegally in international waters.The famous royal fort Roughs Tower situated slightly north of the Thames river and approximately at a distance of 7 nautical miles from the coast. That was more a distance of 3 mile range of territorial distance as per the then applicable law which in turn made it situated in the international waters of the North sea.
In the early 1950 the fort was abandoned to comply with the international law and then after in 1966 Roy Bates a former infantry major in the first battalion Royal Fusiliers decided to take over the fortress.
2nd September 1967, Roy declared The Principality of Sealand raising a newly designed flag and titled his wife “Princess Joan” along with his son Michael (14), daughter Penelope (16) and several friends and followers.
Sealand is not recognized by the other countries and In 1987, the UK extended its territorial waters from three to twelve miles. Sealand now sits inside waters that Britain claims as its territory though Michael Bates claims himself to be the prince of Sealand and they have their own stamps, national anthem, money, flag, and more things just like a real country.
Sealand is also granting titles like Lord, Lady, Baron or Baroness. You need to pay as low as £29.99 to become a Lord or Lady and also paying £19.99 can own a piece of Sealand territory. To own the title Count or Countess, one has to pay only £199.99.
Charity football match was also sometimes organised to raise money for good cause. One of such occasions when Fulham All Stars V Sealand All Stars match was organised.
Interestingly, At the beginning of 2007, the Bates put an ad in the newspaper. They would like to sell Sealand for 65 million pounds.